Large-Scale Surveys PROJECTS
USAID's Livelihoods for Resilience (L4R) activity in Ethiopia focuses on four priority areas that support and enhance livelihood opportunities for chronically food-insecure households in targeted regions and woredas (administrative divisions): 1) on-farm, income-generating activities (IGAs) and crop and livestock market systems; 2) off-farm IGAs and non-farm enterprise development; 3) non-farm labor and wage employment; 4) collaborative learning for scaling up and sustaining gains made in the three livelihood pathways (i.e., on-farm, off-farm, employment). To assess the L4R activity’s progress and effectiveness, Kimetrica, in collaboration with its partners, Save the Children and TANGO International, is implementing a quarterly, Recurrent Monitoring Study (RMS) across the same regions as the 2018 baseline study for eight rounds in total (four rounds per year). The RMS collects and analyzes high-frequency panel data regarding household shock exposure, responses, wellbeing outcomes, and changes in household resilience capacity. Mixed-method data is collected from a subset of baseline respondents (800 households) and alternates between 32 key informant interviews and 16 focus group discussions to prevent respondent fatigue. The RMS is being used to 1) measure real-time household responses to shocks and/or stressors that occur during the life of the activity and 2) to adapt the activity throughout implementation. Beginning in April 2020, in response to COVID-19, Kimetrica transitioned from in-person data collection to mobile-based data collection to minimize face-to-face contact with respondents and comply with the Government of Ethiopia’s recommendations, while still ensuring response rates of approximately 98 percent.